The air quality inside a residential or commercial building may be greatly affected when there is a detected mold environment growing inside, especially when the molds are of the airborne species, as they are a common source of allergen and can be the primary cause of health problems for the building residents, such as sneezing, runny nose, cough, eye irritation, upper respiratory irritation, and, in serious condition, asthma attack. Water leaking constantly in a building and has not been given immediate remedial action for a long period of time may result into dampness in the indoor environment and the existence of mold growth. The natural function of molds is to decompose organic matter, especially matters that are no longer living; therefore, when they are found growing inside a building establishment, their natural function takes an adverse effect on decomposing materials inside the building, such as wood, porous objects, drywalls, and carpets.
As part of a maintenance procedure in a building structure, mold inspection should be regularly performed, to meet up on the following objectives: test for mold growth in the establishment; locate the mold population when there is a positive test result of their existence; identify their specie; and conduct a post-inspection after a remedial action has been performed to eliminate the mold presence.
A mold inspector carries these 5 important steps when he conducts an inspection to a building establishment: interview with the owner or maintenance caretaker; conduct an ocular inspection; take samples; have the samples be analysed; and make the necessary report.
A mold inspector will usually conduct first an interview to get as much information needed for him to conduct his next step of inspection and the information that he will most likely ask are about the humidity condition inside the building, whether there has been a leaking problem existing in the roof or plumbing fixtures, have the occupants smell some kind of moldy odor, or has there been a detected mold population growth inside the structure.
As soon as the mold inspector completes his interview with the homeowner or building caretaker and quickly studying the information he has gathered in the interview, he proceeds to the next step which is conducting an ocular inspection to pinpointed areas where there are likely presences of mold growth, using various tools to confirm the presence, such as a hydrometer to check on the humidity of the room, moisture meter to determine the presence of moisture, borescope to view wall sections, laser thermometer to evaluate the actual heat composition of the surface, and digital camera to record graphically the mold growth presence.
The third important task of the mold inspector is to take air samples, outside and inside the building, by using a special sample instrument that can collect mold spores and provide counting results of spores collected, thereby giving a good analysis if the air quality inside the building has deteriorated.
Once air samples have been collected they are then taken to a professional analyst for determination and analysis for the number of mold spores per cubic meter of air, as well as finding out the specific type of mold found.
The last segment in the mold inspection is a documented summary report which consists of the following: photos of the mold presence and its specific locations, population level of mold spores in the air inside the building, the specific mold found, the inspector’s conclusions and strong recommendations in stepping up measures to prevent mold growth, as well as its elimination.