Holmes KK et al. STD policies and health care systems can also contribute to explaining variation in incidence. Despite the many weaknesses of the official statistics presented here, they point to some broad priorities, such as increased efforts in the area of prevention, especially for young people and for the socially and economically disadvantaged. In both women and men, these strains may cause anal, head, and neck cancer. Regular Pap tests can detect HPV infection, as well as abnormal cervical cells. Find an STD testing site near you.
Gonorrhea rates among adolescents can be as high as perin the Russian Federation and the United Statesalthough in many countries the reported rate among teenagers is below 10 per ,
Adolescents and sexually transmitted diseases.
Clearly, all other things being equal, the more active case-finding policies are and the more widespread STD screening is, the larger the fraction of STD cases that will be identified and reported. The quality of epidemiologic data on STDs will not be improved without increased acknowledgment, at the national level, of the burden of STDs and of their public health cost. This article also contrasts rates for young men and young women, because of important differences between the sexes in the risk of transmission, the likelihood of diagnosis and the potential severity of consequences. About half of these infections are in people between the ages of 15 and In addition, official statistics are circumscribed by the extent to which STDs are "silent," and therefore are never identified or counted.